Old Testament in the New

| Updated: Thu, 8 Aug 2013 | Tagged: ot, nt, bible.

Interest in the ways in which the Hebrew Scriptures inform a post-Easter outlook has been of importance to Christians ever since Cleopas and friend met a knowledgeable and inspirational stranger on their walk to Emmaus (Luke 24:27). Although “OT-in-the-NT” studies are enjoying a fashionable season at the moment, this is no new fascination.

The new Handbook edited by Greg Beale includes a chapter by him on “Seeing the Old Testament in the New” in which he lists some valuable older works on the subject. He notes that some of them are available on Google Books, but some Archive.org resources have been overlooked.

Wilhelm Dittmar’s Vetus Testamentum in Novo: Die alttestamentlichen Parallelen des Neuen Testament im Wortlaut der Urtexte und der Septuaginta (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 1899) originally appeared in two volumes. Archive.org has the later, single-volume edition from 1903. Dittmar is among those who take an inclusive approach to the task, casting the net beyond strict quotations alone.

Beale draws special attention to Henry Gough’s The New Testament Quotations Collated with the Scriptures of the Old Testament (London; Walton and Maberly, 1855). (You can read the rest of the very long subtitle in the PDF!) Beale writes:

Gough’s book is particularly helpful since, unlike all of the other above sources, he gives the OT quotations and many of the allusions in the NT in the order of the canonical OT. In addition, this is the first work of which I am aware that cites subsequent places in the OT where the initial quotation or allusion is referred to.

There are two good copies of this impressive work available, the University of California copy being the “crisper”, and the Princeton copy being the “darker” of the two.